But the significance of citations goes far past energizing and rewarding scientific and academic competitors, and for PhDers and early profession researchers it’s value briefly enumerating these rationales considerably more.
All academic analysis and argument has seven essential characteristics. It’s formally stated. Every work contributes to an advanced and specialist conversation. And academic work tackles difficult issues. It kinds part of a cumulative and collegial endeavour. Analysis is evidence-based mostly, and its provenance can all the time be checked. Analysis is also demanding and constant in assessing empirical ‘facts’. All these features imply that referencing and citing are important components of academic practice. The decisions that scientists and academics make about together with or not including citations to support their arguments play a very important function in conditioning how their colleagues regard and evaluate their work. The Determine under unpacks a bit further the reasons why citations are so essential, set against the seven criteria talked about above.
Higher appreciating the a number of roles of citations should help authors in discipline groups where chronic under-citation is a curiously seductive and hard-to-eradicate type of academic self-hurt — the humanities (especially) and lots of social sciences. It’s merely unacceptable scientific or academic behaviour now to disregard immediately relevant research or argument already within the public domain just because it doesn’t help your case, or suit your type of labor, or comes from a different discipline.
That’s it. If you happen to follow these practices, you might be future-proofed against probably adjustments in citation demands from journals and publishers as they slowly wean themselves off paper-orientated reference systems and move towards fully digital referencing, hopefully in a form that assigns priority to open entry versions of texts.
In the digital period the argument above additionally makes clear that open entry sources ought to all the time be the primary reference sources, relegating paywalled sources to secondary status. Linking to OA texts each time available is in keeping with the scientific and academic mission, whereas referencing solely paywalled sources is clearly restrictive. Maybe, because the years pass by, even the authors of the badly out of date fashion guides still being issued by professional bodies like the APA and MLA will start to take note.