A Speech and Language Therapist (SALT) is qualified to work with children, younger people and adults who’ve some form of communication disorder. It is typically thought that a Speech and Language Therapist is simply able to help with precise speech production issues, but the truth is the range of companies is far wider.
What does a Speech and Language Therapist do?
A therapist working with children and young folks will initially assess both comprehension (understanding of language) and expressive language (how language is used).
The Therapist will look at numerous areas the place difficulties may happen including:
* Vocabulary – types of words such as nouns (naming words), verbs (actions) and prepositions (in, on, below etc.)
* Understanding language structures equivalent to following instructions – eg. “brush dolly’s hair”, “give me the yellow pencil”
Spoken language may be assessed for the next:
* Speech sounds – typically termed phonology. The child or young particular person might not have certain speech sounds in their vocabulary, or might use them inappropriately eg. “dog” turns into “dod” (termed fronting) or “glove” turns into “glub” (termed stopping)
* Articulation difficulties – the production of Queens speech language therapy NY sounds could also be troublesome, presumably on account of a bodily problem equivalent to cleft lip/palate or poor dentition or even a co-orindation problem – Dyspraxia
* Fluency – is there any evidence of dysfluency (stammering) or basic hesitancy in speech
What might be carried out if the child/young person has little or no speech?
Language is not only the spoken word however can include communicating by various different methods. A number of the more widespread ways are:
* Image techniques – a easy line drawing is used to characterize an object or idea eg. Makaton, Rebus, Mayer Johnson
* Footage/photograph programs – actual pictures or pictures are used to point objects, actions etc.
* Signing systems – embrace British Sign Language (BSL) and Makaton. These techniques use guide signs to convey meaning
* Eye pointing – by using a particular board with symbols or pictures, it is potential for a parent or carer to interpret what the child/young particular person wants to communicate by following their eye gaze till it stops on the merchandise they want. This will be helpful for children or younger people who have physical difficulties and no speech.
* Communication aids – these can range from easy picture boards to complex computers with voice synthesizers
What other aspects of communication are assessed?
Different areas which Speech and Language Therapists would possibly look at and which underpin communication are:
Listening and a spotlight abilities/focus – can the child or young person attend to a process? To not be confused with a hearing impairment – the child or younger person could hear what is said but can not concentrate sufficiently to process the information
Play and that imagination – can the child play alone, alongside others (parallel play) or participate in group play? Is imaginative play current ? eg. placing doll to bed, fake tea events
Social communication – can the child or young individual interact with others? Do they perceive the principles of dialog, similar to turn taking, repairing conversations, keeping on subject and appropriate greetings?
Purposeful use of language – can the child/younger individual use whatever system of communication is suitable to them to make selections, comment on events, question or refuse?
Behaviour – an incapability to communicate will be very frustrating for the child/younger particular person and will end in agitated or challenging behaviour patterns.
How does the Speech and Language Therapist perform the evaluation?
The Speech and Language Therapist will look at all areas in which the child/young particular person is experiencing difficulty.
* This could embody commentary or direct working with them in numerous settings, similar to the home, school or college.
* Liaison with people who come into frequent contact with the child/young particular person can be very important. As well as parents, teachers, carers, different health professionals etc. may be consulted.
What occurs after assessment?
After an intensive assessment, remedy options are mentioned which might embrace one or more of the following options:
– Direct therapy – the therapist working with the child/young particular person on a 1:1 foundation
– Indirect therapy – a programme of labor is carried out by a named individual eg mother or father, carer, teaching assistant below the guidance of a Speech and Language Therapist who monitors progress and evaluations the programme as necessary
– Adjustments to communicative atmosphere eg. ensuring an acceptable symbols system is used within the residence/classroom etc., advising on efficient communication and training workers the right way to use various methods of communication
Is the Speech and Language Therapist certified?
All Speech and Language Therapists could have undertaken a three or 4 12 months degree course at university. Some therapists might have completed a submit graduate course after following a earlier degree. Candidates require three A levels to enter the course, though mature students may be accepted with equal qualifications.